SOME SOCIOECONOMIC AND CULTURAL ASPECTS OF TERAI DALITS—ESPECIALLY MUSAHAR COMMUNITY—OF TIRHUT AND RAJGADH RURAL MUNICIPALITIES OF SAPTARI DISTRICT
Vision 360—a for-profit social enterprise of MITRA Samaj—conducted a baseline survey in two rural municipalities—Tirhut rural municipality and Rajgadh rural municipality—of Saptari district that was centralized on socioeconomic and cultural aspects of Terai Dalits—especially Musahar community—with a special focus on their educational attainment. The survey was conducted under from the funding from Nepal Youth Foundation, a non-government organization that offers hope and opportunity to Nepal’s most impoverished children by providing them what is every child’s birth right: vital health care, education, and a safe environment.
Both quantitative and qualitative methods of research were adopted for the survey. For quantitative data, census approach of household interview was adopted. In addition to the quantitative method, the participatory methods of research like Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and Key-Informant Interviews (KII) were used to generate qualitative information. Similarly, case stories which best reflected the need of the planned project were identified.
A total of 923 households were identified in the survey areas. Of them, 99.8 percent (n=921) of the households consented to participate. Of the total households, there were 672 households in Tirhut rural municipality while there were 251 households in Rajgadh rural municipality. While two eligible households disagreed to participate in the interview in Tirhut Rural Municipality, no household from Rajgadh Rural Municipality disagreed to participate in the interview.
In addition to the household interviews, a total of four FGDs were conducted among community women/mothers, unmarried girls, village men, and boys aged 15 to 25. Not FGDs were conducted in Rajgadh rural municipality. Similarly, 9 Key-Informant Interviews (KIIs) with female teacher, headmaster, ward secretary, municipality chair/vice chair, ward chair, journalist, and dalit activists were conducted.
Report is available at Nepal Youth Foundation, Ekantakuna, Lalitpur Nepal.